STI’s are sexually transmitted infections.

They are mainly transmitted during sexual relations
(Contact between the vulva, the vagina, the penis, the anus, the lips, the mouth, and the hand).

Most of them can be cured easily, but, if left untreated,
they can lead to serious complications.

GONOCOCCAL GONORRHEA or “HOT PISS“.

Possible signs: Burning sensation and yellow discharge through the penis, the vagina, or anus, fever, pain in the lower abdomen.

Appearance of signs: 2 to 7days following contamination

Diagnostic: By local sampling and urinalysis.

Severe complications if not treated: Risk of infertility in women, risk of contaminating the newborn if the mother is infected.

NO VACCINE

CHLAMYDIA

Possible signs: often no signs, rarely any burning sensations, discharge through the penis, the vagina, or the anus, fever, pain in the lower abdomen, or even angina.

Appearance of signs: 2 to 3 weeks following contamination.

Diagnostic: by urinalysis or local sampling.

Severe complications if not treated: risk of infertility, ectopic pregnancy, risk of contaminating the newborn if the mother is infected.

NO VACCINE

HEPATITIS B

Possible signs: fever, fatigue, jaundice.

Appearance of signs: 2 to 8 weeks following contamination.

Diagnostic: By blood test.

Severe complications if not treated: Risk of cirrhosis and liver cancer, risk of contaminating the newborn if the mother is infected.

There is a vaccine. Consult your doctor.

GENITAL HERPES

Possible signs: Genital herpes, painful little bubble-shaped buttons on the genitals, anus or mouth, burning sensation, itching.

Appearance of signs: 1 week or more following contamination.

Diagnostic: By medical examination, blood test, local sampling.

Severe complications if not treated: risk of contaminating the newborn if the mother is infected.

NO VACCINE

MYCOPLASMA AND TRICHOMONIASIS

Possible signs: discharge through the penis, the anus, the vagina, burning sensation and itching.

Appearance of signs: 1 week following contamination.

Diagnostic: local sampling.

Risk of relapse.

NO VACCINE

PAPILLOMAVIRUSES

Possible signs: Lesions or small warts on the genitals or anus.

Appearance of signs: 1 to 8 weeks following contamination.

Diagnostic: (pap)smear test, local sampling and/or medical examination.

Severe complications if not treated: Risk of cervical cancer, risk of contaminating the newborn if the mother is infected.

There is a recommended vaccine for girls as young as 11 years old. Consult your doctor.

SYPHILIS

Possible signs: canker (Small painless wound), Itchy rash on the skin and mucous membranes.

Appearance of signs: 2 to 4 weeks following contamination.

Diagnostic: by blood test or medical examination.

Severe complications if not treated: Brain, nerves, heart, arteries, and eye disease, risk of contaminating the newborn if the mother is infected.

NO VACCINE